India,formally called the Republic of India, is the country that occupies most of the Indian subcontinent in southern Asia.In terms of it's population, India is one of the most populous nations in the world and falls slightly behind china.India has a long history and is concidered the world's largest democracy and one of the most successful in Asia. It is a developing nation and has only recently opened its economy to outside trade and influences. As such, its ecconomy is currently growing, India is one of the world's most ssignicant countries.
India's earliest settlements are belived to have developed in the culture hearths of the Indus Valley arround 2600 B.C.E and in the Ganges Valley arround 1500 B.C.E. These societies were mainly composed of ethenic Dravidians who had an economy based on commerce and agricultural trade. Aryan tribes are believed to have then invaded the area after they migrated into the indian subcontinent from the northwest. It is thought that they introducrd the caste system which is still common in many parts of india today. During the 4th century B.C.E. Alexander the Great introduced Greek practices into the region when he expanded central Asia.During the 3rd century B.C.E, the Mauryan Empire came into power in india and was most successful under its emperor,Ashoka. Throughout subsequent periods Arab, Tukish and Mongol people entered India and in 1526, a Mongol Empire was established there,where later explained throughout most of northern India. During this time, such lanmarks as the Taj mahal were also constructed.
Government of India
Today India's government is a fedderal republic with two legislative bodies. The legeslative bodies consist of the council of states, lso called Rajya Sabha, and the people's Assemblly, which is called the Lok Sabha. India's executive branch has a chief of state and a head of government,There are also the Lok Sabha. India's Executive branch a chief of state and a head of government. There are also 28 states and seven union territories in India.
Economics Land Use in India
India's economy today is a varied mix of small village farming, modern large scale agriculture as well as modern industries. The service sector is also an incredibly large part of India's economy as many foreign companies such places as call centers located in the country. In addition to the service sector, India's largest industries are textiles, food processing, steel, cement, mining equipment, petroleum, chemicals and computer software. India's agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, tea, sugarcane, dairy products and livestock.
Geography and Climate of India
The geography of India is diverse and can be divided into three main regions. The first is the rugged, mountainous Himalayan region in the northern part of the country, while the second is called the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is in this region that most of India's large-scale agriculture takes place. The third geographic region in India is the plateau region in the southern and central portions of the country. India also has three major river systems which have large deltas that take over a large portion of the land. These are the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers.
India's climate is also varied but is tropical in the south and mainly temperate in the north. The country also has a pronounced monsoon season from June to September in it southern portion.